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Tax collection is probably documented for Ka These are not tax documents, however, so they are probably indications of trade rather than subjugation.There is a substantial difference in the quantity and distribution of inscriptions with the names of those earlier kings in Lower Egypt and Canaan (which was reached through Lower Egypt), compared to the inscriptions of Narmer.Of course, the Narmer Palette could represent an actual historical event while at the same time having a symbolic significance.In 1993, Günter Dreyer discovered a “year label” of Narmer at Abydos, depicting the same event that is depicted on the Narmer Palette.On a mud sealing from Tarkhan, the symbol for the Tjay-bird (Gardiner sign G47, a flapping fledgling) has been added to the two symbols for ″Narmer″ within the serekh.This has been interpreted as meaning “Narmer the masculine”, suggested that the extra sign is not part of the name, but was put inside the serekh for compositional convenience.He probably was the successor to the Protodynastic king Ka, or possibly Scorpion.Some consider him the unifier of Egypt and founder of the First Dynasty, and in turn the first king of a unified Egypt.
The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London, exhibits a limestone head of an early Egyptian king which the Museum identifies as being a depiction of Narmer on the basis of the similarity (according to Petrie Although highly inter-related, the questions of “who was Menes? While Menes is traditionally considered the first king of Ancient Egypt, Narmer has been identified by the majority of Egyptologists as the same person as Menes.
Although there is archaeological evidence of a few kings before Narmer, none of them are mentioned in any of those sources.
It can be accurately said that from the point of view of Ancient Egyptians, history began with Narmer and the unification of Egypt, and that everything before him was relegated to the realm of myth. 7(a)), “Menes made a foreign expedition and won renown.” If this is correct (and assuming it refers to Narmer), it was undoubtedly to the land of Canaan where Narmer’s serekh has been identified at nine different sites.
The second is the seal impression from Abydos that alternates between a serekh of Narmer and the chessboard symbol, “mn”, which is interpreted as an abbreviation of Menes.
Arguments have been made with regard to each of these documents in favour of Narmer or Hor-Aha being Menes, but in neither case, are the arguments Narmer as the first king on each list, followed by Hor-Aha.